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Music linked with geography and moods

Group Music Technology (GTM) and DJ Melbourne at Pompeu Fabra (UPF) presented these days its new research projects at the International Conference on Music Information Retrieval 2009 (ISMIR 2009), held in Kobe (Japan) to the 30th of October.

<P> Researchers GTM ISMIR participating in the 2009 conference. </ P>

GTM’s contribution consists of nine -three oral communications and posters-six, five shows seven contributions to the community sessions Music Information Retrieval Evaluation eXchange (MIREX), plus a special session.

Researchers at GTM , Emilia Gomez Haro and Martin Perfecto Herrera, are the authors of the paper in the ISMIR 2009 : Music and geography: description of musical audio content from different parts of the world . The paper analyzes 6,000 pieces of music from around the world from different geographical areas and compares both their common features as that differentiate them . Automatic description of audio signals, together with data mining techniques provide useful means for comparative analysis and classification of music from around the world, and provide an original link between music and geography.

Meanwhile, Cyril Laurier, Mohamed Sordo, Juan Serrano and Perfecto Herrera, researchers GTM are the authors of the communication Music Mood Representations from Social Tags , and study the relationship between the ways to describe moods that uses a community listeners and descriptors used by academic researchers. This knowledge becomes a fundamental part of algorithms and computational models used for automatic classification of songs according to the mood. The paper identifies basic models of emotions and classified into four possible states of mood: happy, sad, angry and sensitive.

Characterization of musical instruments

In Scalability, generality and temporal aspects in automatic recognition of musical predominant instruments in polyphonic music , by Ferdinand Fuhrmann, Martin Haro and Perfecto Herrera, a classification polyphonic audio is presented for different types of musical instruments that includes methodological aspects often little studied. The work aims to provide a unified platform to extract each track the information needed to build computational models to determine what instruments sound with no prominence.

In addition, several members of GTM, led by Xavier Serra, promoter and director of the research group, the future of musical recovery technologies arises.

The GTM was created in 1994 by its current director, Xavier Serra. It is integrated within the Department of Information Technology and Communications and the Institut Universitari de l’Audiovisual , specializing in digital technologies related to sound and music, with more than 40 researchers from different and complementary areas.

Last year the UPF initiated the Master in Sound and Music , an official master whose program provides advanced training in a wide range of disciplines ranging from engineering to musicology, through computing, acoustics, electronics the musical composition or psychology. The master is oriented towards two aspects, professional and research, with the main objective of training professionals and prepared to work in the field of music technology and sound in the context of the current information society researchers.

7 films with grotesque geographical errors

All films have larger errors m or less magnitude, it is something that can not be denied or ignored. However, sometimes those mistakes out of control and, for people who know the subject, become real nightmares.

In this case, we will refer to geographical errors we saw in the movies . Surely more than a cinephile wanted to rub a map in the face to the makers of these films. To see full movies, please visit project free tv.

1. Jurassic Park

Although this is one of those errors that only native noted, it is important to note that when Nedry ( Wayne Knight ) is receiving money embryos is neither near the city of San Jose in Costa Rica, since this is a modern central city, not a seaside resort with beach and palm trees.

2. Troy

In ancient Greece it had name? Although this animal is native to South America and there are no records that ever inhabited Greece, this did not seem to mind the makers of Trojan .

3. Krakatoa, East of Java

Possibly one of the most recognized in the history of cinema geographical errors , it needs no scenes to cause grace, because just by looking at a map can discover that Krakatoa is in fact West Java.

4. Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom

Is not it lovely to see the Great Wall of China on the way from Shanghai to Chongqing City? The reality is that the wall is on the other side of the country, very far from the two cities the route. Maybe Indy swerved to sightsee?

5. Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen

Contrary to what the film would have us believe, the Giza pyramids are nowhere near the Egyptian coast as the film shows an aerial shot … that comes immediately after a decision that shows exactly along the water. Come together! To see full series of Transformer in high quality, please launch Movie25.

6. The Sound of Music

The Von Trapp actual escaped across the Italian border one day without looking back. The film had to dramatize making them cross the mountain that separated Salzburg from the Swiss border. Of course the city is more than 200 kilometers from the nearest Swiss border, and many mountains between, not only “the” mountain film.

7. X-Men: First Class

Erik ( Michael Fassbender ) fetches Shaw ( Kevin Bacon ) to a hidden place in Argentina: the snowy, mountainous Villa Gesell. Of course the actual Villa Gesell is virtually the opposite of that scenario, it is a center with sun beach and dunes. This caused great laughter brief moment when the film premiered in Argentina.

What error geography in a movie they know? Had they noticed the these films?

The geography of water in Spain

Inland waters are an essential element of the organization of Spanish physical space. Its geographical study allows us to relate to each other different components, factors and processes of the natural environment, also his involvement with human activities.

Spain’s water resources are limited and spatially unbalanced. They are conditioned by the weather, and particularly by the amount and seasonal distribution of precipitation. Thus, one would be established a first distinction between the “wet Spain”, just over ten percent of the mainland, and the “dry Spain”, where low and erratic rainfall forces the practice of “water economy” and a heavy reliance on water infrastructure, not without conflict.

Rivers, lakes, ponds and wetlands, groundwater aquifers, fleck water softener, in the same way, are the most outstanding events that shape and name to courses and water bodies known technically as opposed to marine waters and continental.

A hydrographic network is divided into watersheds and river basins, as determined by the arrangement of the various units of relief:

‘The first set is the Cantabrian rivers: it is many short and well-fed rivers. His birth in mountains near the sea makes them to save a considerable gap, bringing its steep profiles exert great erosive force, modeling in deep, narrow valleys that cross the reliefs. They are rivers, in all cases, plentiful and fairly regular regime, given the rainfall characteristics of the oceanic domain. The Miño and its tributaries participate to some extent all these characters.

-The Second set is that of the great Atlantic collectors: they are the longest, at birth near the Mediterranean and into the Atlantic riverbeds. Their erosive power is low, running much of its route through plains where just sink, but lead to more abrupt encased in materials to the West Iberian penillanuras profiles.Their flows are abundant, as they have numerous tributaries, in large basins, but his regime is irregular, presenting a low water in summer coinciding with minimal rainfall and floods with the rains fall and spring.

-The Mediterranean rivers are short and underfed, except the Ebro. They were born in mountains near the sea, which gives character and energy relief. Its flow is scarce and irregular, have a marked dry season in summer and can suffer catastrophic floods in autumn. They are common, too, wadi, ie, the channels that carry water only when it rains.

-Finally, The island waterways are limited to streams or streams of low flow, partly very incised by overexploitation of aquifers.

Along with inland water surface runoff that are, strictly speaking, the river network, are, although they are limited in extent and water resources, not in number or typological variants, lakes, ponds and wetlands, of undoubted importance ecological and landscape uniqueness. The first sheets of water are different sized, deep character and more permanent measure. Wetlands, meanwhile, are means marshy waters shallow and intermittent.

In Spain there is approximately 40% of the territory affected by groundwater aquifers. These are embolsamientos water resulting from infiltration waters and groundwater precipitation accumulation. These waters can be downloaded pocketed, naturally-exploitation and human exploitation to margin-, draining in other aquifers, through rivers and springs, or do so directly to the sea.

The snowfields, glaciers and glaciers represent the latest forms of water formations that complete the geographical characterization of inland waters and the water resources of our country. Restricted to very small peninsular high mountain environments, these formations are affected by a continued decline in hydrological contributions that refers, as a result of surface contraction of their masses. Traces of inheritance found in relict modeled nivo-glacial origin so they end up finding.

Environmental accounting and economic geography

The particular geographical analysis perspective can offer considerable debate on ways to estimate the value of existing natural heritage land in each locality contribution. According to xero bookkeeper brisbane – when analyzing an integrated way the social use of places, economic geography allows to raise the naturalness of the environment in historical terms, ie, how they present themselves to society at a given time (subordinate to the mentality and the prevailing interest). Raising the value based on the techniques of power and social perception, it is possible to adopt a perspective that not dissociate the valuation of space practice recovery, allowing approach it as materiality but also as a representation inserted in legitimizing or proposal use. This approach allows accounting for the appropriation of a place based on natural resources that society identifies as being there present, whether these products or conditions. The distinction between natural and environmental resources, worked by environmental economics, is rescued in this geographical theory, which offers a possibility of synthetic accounting assessment of the potential and use of a particular territory, inventorying existing materials and sources, as the impacts of their use on reserves and natural conditions. This perspective can contribute to land management policies and environmental planning in particular.

Teen Moms: geography of teenage pregnancies in the US

From Europe we usually have a fairly monolithic perception of the United States although the amount and variety of American fiction we eat it, we could say, very didactic in this regard. The continental scale of the country, its strongly federal organizational model and the enormous variety of cultures and religious beliefs that mark the lives of many communities at the local level (even though many of them are minority in the whole country) result in a country much more complex than we think from the outside. An example of both complexity as a major media phenomenon footprint inside and outside the US They are the moms teen (roughly translatable by “teenage mothers”, but includes mothers of 18 and 19 who are technically adults). Although the figures are improving (as it appears in this article in The Atlantic Cities), the success of reality shows like Teen Mom(produced by MTV and broadcast in Spain and other countries) has topical theme.

The protagonists of the second season of Teen Mom . Farrah Abraham (above
right) has tapped its way through the program to make the leap to fame through
tactics already tested successfully by the well-known Paris Hilton or Kim Kardashian.

This phenomenon is a paradigmatic example of the already mentioned complexity US and it is linked to numerous economic, ideological, ob gyn and religious issues (being not always clear division between the latter two). The combination of these factors leads to the geographic distribution of births to teenage mothers map showing the following:

A quick glance at the map is enough to detect a general pattern: the rate is clearly higher in the states of the Bible Belt (the Bible Belt or set of the most religious states in the country). The limits of the Bible Belt are well defined and any European culture steeped in pop American know name a few with their corresponding topics.

The coincidence between the two indicators is remarkable, being perhaps Utah’s most striking exception, but can be explained by the strict adherence of most Mormons (responsible for the high religiosity of the state) to the precepts of their faith, including chastity until marriage. REST of the most religious states have rates of teenage pregnancies carried to term within the top two thresholds, with the sole exception of North Carolina. New Mexico and Arizona are less conspicuous exceptions, especially Arizona (traditionally Republican state) and considering that we are comparing maps with relatively large thresholds.

The third factor (along with religion and ideology, usually amalgamated) is generally lower in states with higher rates of teen pregnancy socioeconomic status. This factor influences negatively on access to contraception and abortion (which are not subsidized or are nonexistent in the most religious and / or conservative states, increasing their prices or force a shift to another state), so the rate of teenage pregnancies and the percentage of those carried to term is much higher. The following map is very informative in this regard:

Access to abortion is much easier in the wealthiest and towns (especially in northeastern) coastal states, again with the exception of New Mexico, who perhaps deserved a deeper analysis that can be done in this short note. In any case, this distribution of access to abortion (and other issues such as those mentioned in this article from The Atlantic Cities) suggests that access to contraceptives and abortion in the United States serves largely to socioeconomic factors, making it largely in a class problem.

Anyway, it seems that the rise to fame of the moms teen MTV is the model life attitude needed by adolescents belt bible and other states network .

bonus : Interestingly, the most religious states largely coincide with those traditionally had cultivated cotton and snuff, encouraged by the US southeast wet subtropical climate, but that’s a topic for another time.

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